Canada Immigration Programs And Their Meanings In 2022 [LATEST UPDATE]
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Canada Immigration Programs And Their Meanings

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Canada needs a lot of new people to keep its economy growing at a good rate like it has been for the past few years. In order to keep up with the trend, the country keeps raising its immigration goals to more than 400,000 each year. Because of this, the country has made a long list of Canada Immigration Programs that are very different and easy to use. We will be covering the list of Canada immigration programs and their meanings

List Of Canada Immigration Programs And Their Meanings

1. Provincial Nominee Program

The federal government of Canada can only give out permanent resident visas. However, provincial nominee programs allow provinces and territories to nominate certain foreign nationals to apply for permanent residency in Canada. Provinces and territories put applicants based on their local labor markets and economic needs.

Once a province or territory nominates an applicant, that person will get a nomination certificate they need to send to the federal government with their application for a Canadian permanent resident visa. Almost every province and territory has a program for provincial nominees, and people who apply to these programs must want to live in the province or territory where they apply.

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There are different ways to apply to each provincial nominee program, and most of them fall into one of the following five categories:

1. Skilled workers;

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2. Semi-skilled workers;

3. Businesses and investors;

4. International student graduates;

5. Family and community ties.

Here is a list of all of Canada’s different provincial nominee programs:

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  • Alberta
  • British Columbia
  • Manitoba
  • New Brunswick
  • Newfoundland
  • North West Territories
  • Nova Scotia
  • Ontario
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Saskatchewan
  • Yukon

2. Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

Since 2008, the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) has been a major path to permanent residence for people who have worked in Canada and want to stay there. The CEC is a popular option for international graduates and temporary foreign workers who want work experience in Canada. Canada’s Express Entry system runs three programs, one of which is the CEC.

This CanadaVisa page gives you all the information you need about the CEC. Since then, the CEC has become one of the biggest ways for skilled workers to come to Canada. It is seen as a huge success by governments across Canada, communities, employers, and immigration candidates.

The CEC is part of a plan by the federal and provincial governments of Canada to get more temporary foreign workers and international students to stay in Canada and build their lives there. Research by IRCC, Statistics Canada, and academics shows that skilled workers who have lived in Canada have a big advantage when trying to get a job there.

CEC immigrants are very successful in the Canadian job market because they have high levels of human capital. For example, they are young to middle-aged, have high levels of education, work experience, and education, and have built social and professional networks in Canada.

In addition to this benefit, Express Entry allows candidates with Canadian experience to get more Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) points. This makes it more likely for them to get a permanent place to live. CEC applicants accepted through Express Entry can usually become permanent residents within six months. Another major benefit of the CEC is that, unlike the other two Express Entry programs, candidates who are successful in the CEC do not have to show IRCC that they have enough money to live on once they get permanent residence.

You must meet the following requirements to be eligible for the CEC:

  • Have worked in Canada for at least one year in a skilled, professional, or technical job in the 36 months before the application date;
  • Meet or beat a Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) of 5 (“initial intermediate”) for NOC B jobs or CLB 7 (“adequate intermediate proficiency”) for NOC skill level 0 or A jobs.
  • Plan on living and working outside of Quebec (individuals with work experience in Quebec and who plan to reside in Quebec may apply to the Quebec Experience Class).

3. Federal Skilled Worker Program

In 1967, Canada started the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) to choose immigrants from around the world. Before the FSWP, Canada chose skilled worker immigrants based on the discretion of individual immigration officers, who decided for themselves if they thought a candidate could fit into the Canadian job market.

The Canadian government realized that this old way of choosing immigrants wasn’t working, so it set up the first points system in the world to help choose immigrants. Canada would no longer use arbitrary rules. Instead, it decided to use objective criteria to evaluate all candidates the same way. These criteria included each candidate’s age, education, language skills, work experience, occupation, etc.

Today, the FSWP is run by the system for managing applications for Express Entry. With Express Entry, Canada wants to let in more than 110 new people by 2024. Most people who enter Canada through Express Entry do so through the FSWP. The Canadian government has researched FSWP immigrants who have successful and fulfilling careers in Canada.

Also, applying for immigration through the FSWP is a good idea because you can get permanent residency in just six months. Other skilled worker programs in Canada take longer to process applications. The FSWP is one of Canada’s three skilled worker programs that use the Express Entry application management system. If you have never lived in Canada before and are not in a skilled trade, the FSWP is the best Express Entry option.

First, you need to see if you meet the requirements for the FSWP. You then send in an Express Entry profile. Based on your age, education, language skills, and work experience, you will get a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score. The Canadian government usually holds Express Entry draws every two weeks and invites the people with the highest CRS scores to apply for permanent residence. After sending in your completed application, you should get your permanent resident status within six months. At that point, you can move to Canada.

4. Federal Skilled Worker

The Express Entry immigration system is in charge of programs like the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP). The FSTP is for foreign trade workers who have worked in certain trade jobs and want to move to Canada. It is not the only way for skilled workers to move to Canada permanently. There are also other ways to move to Canada without any special skills, but not through a fast-track program like Express Entry.

The first step is to see if the federal government considers you to be a skilled trade worker. Then you can use the Express Entry system to send in your application. To be eligible, you will also need a valid job offer or certificate of qualification. Getting an Invitation to Apply (ITA) from the Express Entry system is your ultimate goal if you want to be considered for permanent residence in every province of Canada (except Québec) except if you get a provincial nomination from a Canadian province or territory. Then, you’ll have to move to the province or territory that gave you a visa.

5. Family Class Sponsorship

One goal of Canadian immigration law is to make sure that families can live together in Canada. The Canadian government puts a lot of importance on family values and staying together as a family. The Canadian immigration law is set up to reflect this priority in several ways that have to do with bringing families back together in Canada. If you live in Quebec and want to sponsor a family class immigrant to come to Quebec, you must apply through the Quebec Family Class Program.

Here is a list of the different family members who can be sponsored through the Family Class Sponsorship Program, along with a link to more information about each one:

Spousal sponsorship

This includes couples who are married, live together, or have a common-law relationship (including same-sex relationships).

Parent and Grandparent Sponsorship

Parents or grandparents can come to Canada with the help of their children or grandchildren who are Canadian citizens or permanent residents.

Parent and Grandparent Super Visa

A super visa that is good for up to 10 years is another way for parents and grandparents to easily visit Canada for up to 2 years at a time.

Dependent Child Sponsorship and Other Sponsorship

Canadian citizens or permanent residents can pay for their children who live with them to come and live in Canada. This includes adopted children and family members who were left without a parent. In some rare cases, other family members may also be sponsored.

Provincial Family Class Sponsorship

Family class sponsorship programs, which are offered by provincial nominee programs, are another option to consider (PNP). Note that these PNPs are run by the provinces and are not part of the Family Class Sponsorship Program run by the federal government.

6. Investors, Entrepreneurs, and Self-Employed

The Federal Business Immigration program is for foreigners who want to move to Canada and use their business experience. Applicants can only apply for one of the four classes below, and they can’t change their minds once they’ve submitted their application. Here is a list of the four classes that can be taken through this program. Each one has its requirements and criteria:

  • Immigrant Investor
  • Federal Entrepreneur
  • Self-Employed Persons
  • Start-Up Visa Program

Frequently Asked Questions

Which City In Canada Gives PR Easily?

New Brunswick: The province responds quickly to qualified applicants who meet New Brunswick’s specific economic and labor market needs. This province is one of the easiest in Canada to get permanent residency.

What Are The Five Classes Of Immigrants?

Family-sponsored, employment-based, diverse immigrants and refugees are the main types of people who want to live permanently.

Which Province In Canada Has The Lowest Cost Of Living?

Quebec is still one of the provinces in Canada with one of the lowest living costs. This is because Quebec has some of the lowest rents in Canada and subsidized child care. It is also because Quebec’s electricity prices, at 7.3 cents per kWh, are much lower than the national average.

Which Country Gives The Fastest PR?

Nicaragua is the only country that lets you stay there for good right away. Most countries, like Panama, allow you to begin as a temporary resident and then move to a permanent one.

Which Country Is Better For Pr?

Countries like Canada, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Singapore, and Germany are thought to be the most welcoming to immigrants because they have many jobs and different cultures.

References

  • https://www.cic.gc.ca/english/helpcentre/answer.asp?qnum=010&top=4
  • https://canadianvisa.org/canada-immigration
  • https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/immigrate-canada.html
  • https://www.canadim.com/immigrate/
  • https://visaguide.world/moving-to/canada/

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